Treatment required through a drug court or as a condition of pretrial release, probation, or parole.

The leaves, flowers, stems and seeds of the hemp plant Cannabis sativa, containing the active ingredient of delta-9 tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) that can produce altered senses and perceptions of time, changes in mood and appetite, pain relief, impaired body movement, impaired problem-solving and memory, and at high doses, hallucinations, delusions, and psychosis. Also known as weed, pot, hashish, hash, ganga, herb, grass, 420, Mary Jane.

Marijuana can be: inhaled (e.g. smoked, vaporized), ingested (e.g. edibles)

An addiction theory that considers addiction a medical, rather than social issue.

Detoxification in a medical setting, often with use of medications to support initial withdrawal and stabilization following cessation of alcohol or other drugs.

(stigma alert) Medication-assisted treatment (MAT), including opioid treatment programs (OTPs), combines behavioral therapy and medications to treat substance use disorders (see agonist; antagonist).

This term has been issued a Stigma Alert, as the term may not fully appreciate research that has shown that with or without psychosocial support, medications are effective treatments for addiction – hence, the term “assisted” may undervalue the role of the medication. In addition, this term may create a double standard for substance use disorder treatment, as no other medications used to treat other health conditions are referred to as ‘assisted’ treatment. Many advocate instead to simple state “medications for addiction treatment.”

A synthetic opioid medication used to reduce withdrawal and post-acute withdrawal symptoms and is often used as a mid- to long-term opioid use disorder medication for helping stabilize and facilitate recovery among those suffering from opioid use disorders.

stimulant drug synthetically produced, that activates the reward centers of the brain to produce sensations of euphoria, increased wakefulness and physical activity, decreased appetite, faster breathing, rapid and/or irregular heartbeat, and increased blood pressure and body temperature. Also known as meth, ice, crystal meth, speed, crank.
Long-term health consequences include: Extreme weight loss, severe dental problems (e.g. meth mouth, skin sores from intense itching, anxiety, confusion, sleeping problems, paranoia, hallucinations, increased risk of HIV and Hepatitis.

Methamphetamines can be: inhaled (e.g. smoked), swallowed as a pill, snorted, or injected.

Training of techniques in mindfulness meditation, or the ability to be present in the here and now, in order to target depression, stress, negative emotions, and cravings in the prevention of relapse for individuals with addiction. It is often combined with cognitive-behavioral therapy.

An analgesic opioid derived from the opium poppy, that activates the centers of the brain to provide pain relief. Side effects have included nausea, vomiting, constipation, lightheadedness, dizziness, drowsiness, increased sweating, or dry mouth. Also known as Kadian or Avinza.

  • Long-term health consequences include:dependency, addiction
  • Morphine can be:ingested orally, injected

Also known as self-help groups, peer support groups, and mutual aid, mutual help organizations are for the most part peer run volunteer organizations that focus on socially supportive communication and exchange of addiction and recovery experiences and skills.

Mutual help organizations include such organizations as:

  • Alcoholics Anonymous (AA)
  • Narcotics Anonymous (NA)
  • Marijuana Anonymous (MA)
  • Cocaine Anonymous (CA)
  • Smart Recovery
  • All Recovery Groups
  • Celebrate Recovery
  • LifeRing
  • Women For Sobriety
  • Other online forums.

For family members and friends mutual help organizations include:

  • Al-Anon
  • Nar-Anon
  • Learn2Cope
  • Other online forums.

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